On 28 March 1960, Natives began making bonfires of their reference books in Johannesburg. Their action was the latest gesture of defiance against the pass laws.
During the weekend, the suspension of pass laws was announced. Many Natives turned a deaf ear to the warning made by the Minister of Justice Mr. Erusmas. He cautioned that reference books will have to be carried once more when the situation returned to normal.
Chief Albert Luthuli burned his reference book on Saturday where he issued a call to non-Whites to follow his example. Duma Nokwe, Secretary General of the ANC, Nelson Mandela, Arthur Letele, Treasurer, and Walter Sisulu, burned their passes on Saturday in the garden of an Orlando house.